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Demographic Data

Burkina Faso has an estimated population of 14,017,262 people composed of 48.3% male and 51.7 female (est. 2006). 77.3% of the population in Burkina Faso live in rural areas and 22.3% reside in cities.

In 2006, 46.4% of the population was under the age of 15 and the population under 20 years of age accounted for 57.0% of the total population. This indicates that the population in Burkina Faso is mainly young. Furthermore, the population of more than 65 years of age represents only 3.4% of the total population.

In 2006, birth rate in Burkina Faso was 46 per 1000 inhabitants and the fertility rate 6.2 (6.2 children per woman). The average annual growth rate of the population between 1996 and 2006 was 3.1%; hence the estimation of the current population to be 14,900,000 people.

Life expectancy in Burkina Faso is 52 years.
The average density of the population in Burkina Faso is 52/km2. In addition, the population in Burkina Faso is composed of 65 ethnic groups differentiated by their language, traditions and customs.

Besides, they are regrouped by religious belief such as traditional religions, Christianity (catholic and protestants), and Islam. Despite its ethnic diversity, Burkina Faso is an ethnically integrated country whose population lives harmoniously together.


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